Alaskan Storm Cracks Iceberg in Antarctica - Study
The waves traveled 8,300 miles (13,500 km) to destroy the iceberg, said Douglas MacAyeal of the University of Chicago and Emile Okal at Northwestern University.
Writing in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, they said their study shows how weather in one region can affect events far away.
"One of the things we're debating in the world right now is whether global warming might increase the storminess in the oceans," MacAyeal said in a statement.
"The question we then pose is: Could global storminess have an influence on the Antarctic ice sheet that had never been thought of?"
The researchers were watching icebergs using satellite images, and saw that on a clear, calm day last October, a big iceberg known as B15A broke into half a dozen pieces.
MacAyeal and colleagues had put seismometers and other instruments on the 60 mile (96 km) long iceberg and on Antarctica's Ross Ice Shelf.
"We are trying to figure out how the icebergs are sort of making music when various phenomena that we think are linked to the cracking of iceberg masses takes place," Okal said.
So when they saw B15A break up, they persuaded other researchers in Antarctica to fly over to the beg and get their instruments.
The seismometer record showed that although it was mild and clear, the iceberg had been moving up and down and from side to side.
"I was surprised at the level of amplitude that we were recording," Okal said. The researchers figured a storm somewhere may have generated waves, which are known to travel long distances.
They did some calculations and saw the swell must have come from more than 8,000 miles or 13,500 km away.
"Our jaws dropped," MacAyeal said. "We looked in the Pacific Ocean and there, 13,500 kilometers away, six days earlier, was the winter season's first really big, nasty storm that developed and lasted for about a day and a half in the Gulf of Alaska."
They looked at records from wave buoys in between.
"We saw that the waves in Alaska were about 35 feet (10 metres) tall and then two days later they were down to 15 feet (4.5 metres) as they passed Hawaii on their way south," MacAyeal said.
And three days later, a sensitive seismometer on Pitcairn Island in the south Pacific recorded the waves' passage.
"We think that B15A was in the right position where these waves would be fatal to it," MacAyeal said. "The iceberg shattered like a gracile wine glass being sung to by a heavy soprano."