UN Moves to Block 2006 Caspian Sea Caviar Exports
Author: Richard Waddington
The UN's specialist agency in endangered species withheld export quotas for countries such as Azerbaijan, Russia, Iran and Kazakhstan, which last year were able to ship to the international market 105 tonnes of caviar and other products related to the sturgeon fish.
The UN Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) said it was worried that quota requests for this year - which it did not detail - might be too high in view of falling fish reserves.
"Countries wishing to export sturgeon products ... must demonstrate that their proposed catch and export quotas reflect current population trends," said CITES Secretary-General Willem Wijnstekers.
"To do this they must also make full allowance for the amount of fish caught illegally," he added in a statement.
Industry officials say that the black market in caviar is about the same as the legal market at some 100 tonnes a year.
Environmentalists estimate that Caspian Sea stocks of sturgeon, whose eggs make caviar, have plunged some 90 percent since the late 1970s due to overfishing - legal and illegal.
They welcomed CITES' move, the latest in a series of steps to regulate caviar trade from the big producing areas, including the Heilongjiang/Amur River on the Sino-Russian border.
CITES' 169 member states have the power to ban any state that flouts the rules from trading in an endangered species.
"Sturgeon has been in dire straits for some time and it has been clear that something drastic had to be done," Dr Susan Lieberman, director of WWF's Global Species Programme said in a statement.
"We think it is great news. It is long overdue," said Ellen Pikitch, spokeswoman for the Caviar Emptor Coalition.
Armen Petrossian, president of the Paris-based Petrossian company which controls about 10-15 percent of the legal market, said that the quota suspension came at a time when "there is no catch and no market."
The fishing season starts in late February, while the biggest time for sales is around Christmas.
Officials said quotas sought for 2006 were below those of 2005, which in turn fell from the 147 tonnes granted in 2004. It is not known how much caviar was actually exported in 2005.
"The export quota has been coming down, but so too has the population of the species," CITES chief scientist David Morgan told Reuters.
The agency needed a clearer idea of how the quota requests were arrived at before giving the go-ahead to further exports to major markets in the European Union and the United States.
It also called on importing countries to do more to ensure that all caviar, which retails at 2,000-6,000 euros ($2,400-$7,132) per one kg (2.2 lb), had been bought and sold legally.
"The real problem is the growing illegal market," said Petrossian. "No country in Europe is really making an effort to stop it," he added.
CITES' member states have set strict conditions for caviar exports, including a prior accord between producers on amounts, a stock assessment and management plan.